CWS emergency appeal: Ethiopia drought and food crisis

July 31st, 2008 | by addis portal |

Appeal amount: $300,000

SITUATION: The southeastern pastoral areas of Ethiopia are experiencing drought conditions following the failure of two previous rainy seasons, with resulting food insecurity. The impact of the long dry spell has caused severe shortage of pastureland and water and has led to the death of livestock and unusual livestock migrations to occur. At least 12.5 million, and as many as 15 million persons face food shortages — some 4.6 million require immediate assistance.

The drought has triggered a rising level of migration by pastoralist communities in search of water and pasture for livestock in the region. At least 29 schools in Borena zone of Oromia region have been forced to close due to water shortage and approximately 3,700 children have dropped out of full-time education.

Water and pasture shortages in most pastoral areas have reached a critical level with traditional wells, boreholes, cisterns, ponds and rivers drying up and grazing fields completely turned barren land due to the extended drought. The food reserve or purchasing power of the larger part of the population in these regions has fallen down to bare minimum with the deterioration of the physical condition and continuous shrinking of the livestock population in the pastoral areas.

RESPONSE: Church World Service is responding by supporting efforts of members of the ACT Ethiopia Forum, which seeks to assist 120,880 vulnerable persons. CWS support will be focused on efforts by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church (EOC-DICAC) and the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (an indigenous national church) Development and Social Services Commission (EECMY-DASSC) in efforts that are expected to last through June 2009.

Efforts will focus on providing emergency food, agricultural inputs and cash (to purchase food where food is available in local markets) or food supplies (where food is unavailable in the local market) to affected vulnerable households to address their immediate food needs, to save lives and improve their recovery and future household food security. Special focus will be on providing for the needs of persons living with disabilities, women headed households and other vulnerable groups.

Overall Response Objective:

Purchase and distribute food grain, edible oil, Corn Soy Blend, pulses and seeds to drought affected families.

By locale, specific response details:

1.Kacha Birra Woreda (EOC/DICAC) (A woreda is an administrative division of Ethiopia, equivalent to a district.)

Expected outcomes:

6,810 people receive food package that includes: 15 kg of food grain, 0.45kg of edible oil and 1.5kg of pulses per person per month for three consecutive months.

2,384 children, lactating and pregnant mothers provided Corn Soy Blend (CSB) at the rate of 4.5 kg per head per month for three consecutive months.

1,362 households provided with seeds in the amount of 15kg per a household.

2. Kedida Gamilla (EOC/DICAC)

Expected outcome:

8,000 people receive food that includes: 15kg food grain, 0.45kg of edible oil, and 1.5kg of pulses per person per month for three consecutive months.

2,800 children, lactating and pregnant mothers provided CSB at the rate of 4.5 kg per person per month for three consecutive months.

1,600 households provided seeds in the amount of 15kg per household.

3. Wag Hemra Zone Dahana Woreda (EOC DICAC)

Expected outcome

10,550 people receive food that includes: 15kg food grain, 0.45kg of edible oil and 1.5kg of pulses per person per month for three consecutive months.

3,693 children, lactating and pregnant mothers provided CSB at the rate of 4.5 kg per head per month for three consecutive months.

2,110 households provided seeds in the amount of 15kg per household.

4. Arsi Zone Robe Woreda (EOC DICAC)

Expected outcome

6000 people provided with food that includes: 15kg food grain, 0.45kg of edible oil, and 1.5kg of pulses per person per month for three consecutive months.

2,100 children, lactating and pregnant mothers provided CSB at the rate of 4.5 kg per head per month for three consecutive months.

1,200 households, provided seeds at the rate of 15kg per month for three consecutive months.

5. Gaza Gibil Woreda (EECMY/DASSC)

Expected outcomes

9,500 people receive food that includes: 15kg cereals, 0.45 kg oil and 4.5 kg Famix, a type of nutritional supplement for a period of 3 months.

3,325 children, pregnant and lactating mothers receive 4.5 kg of supplementary food per head per month for three months.

1,900 households receive seeds appropriate for their local environment to produce crops enough to feed their families.

6. Dinsho (EECMY/DASSC)

Expected outcomes

8,720 people receive food that includes: 15kg, 0.45 kg oil and 4.5 kg Famix supplemental food for period of 3 months.

Seeds provided to 1744 households appropriate for their local environment to help them grow their food.

7. Dillo (EECMY/DASSC)

Expected outcomes

8,000 people receive food supplies that includes: 15kg cereals, 0.45 kg oil and 1.5 kg of pulses for period of 3 months.

1,600 households receive seeds to grow crops on their farmlands appropriate for their local environment.

8. Awassa Zuria woreda (EECMY/DASSC)

Expected outcomes

7,000 people receive food that includes: 15kg cereals, 0.45 kg oil and 1.5 kg pulses for a period of three months.

2,450 children, pregnant and lactating mothers provided with supplementary food at the rate of 4.5 kg per head.

1,400 households receive seeds appropriate for their local environment.

9. Jor Woreda (EECMY/DASSC )

Expected outcomes

5,300 people receive food supplies that include: 15kg cereals, 0.45 kg oil, and 1.5 kg of pulses per head per month for a period of three months.

1,855 pregnant and lactating mothers provided with 4.5 kg supplementary food per head per month for three months.

1,060 households receive seeds appropriate for their local environment to help them to grow food to feed their families.

TOTAL BUDGET: $2,888,363 for EECMY work including $2,215,414 for direct cost of grains, seeds and other food items. $2,219,517 for EOC work, including $1,836,290 for cost of seeds and other food items.

Contributions to support this emergency appeal may be sent to your denomination or to Church World Service, P.O. Box 968, Elkhart, IN, 46515. Please designate: Appeal # 642-B, Ethiopia Food Assistance. For further information about disasters to which Church World Service is responding please visit www.churchworldservice.org or call the CWS Hotline, (800) 297-1516.

CWS Emergency Response Program special contacts: (212) 870-3151

Program Director and International Response Contact: dderr@churchworldservice.org

Domestic: bvollmering@churchworldservice.org

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